Reconstruct

Past environments and energy regimes

To reconstruct the deep history of Europe’s cultural landscapes and corresponding changes in coupled human-nature interactions within subsequent human energy regimes and their transitions.

  1. Natural baseline in Europe at the dawn of the cultural landscape (ESR 1)
  2. Balancing nature and culture in north European landscape evolution and integrated legacies (ESR 2)
  3. Modelling human-environment interactions in landscape change (ABM) (ESR 3)
  4. Balancing nature and culture in southwest European landscape evolution and integrated legacies (ESR 4)
  5. Balancing nature and culture in southeast European landscape evolution and integrated legacies (ESR 5)
  6. Pollen-based quantitative reconstructions of past natural and anthropogenic landscape openness in five European field laboratories (ESR 6)